Investigation of Degradation of Organometal Halide Perovskite Film and Solar Cell

Wednesday, 4 October 2017
Prince George's Exhibit Hall D/E (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
A. Al Mamun, Y. Mohammed, T. T. Ava (Old Dominion University), H. Baumgart (Applied Research Center), A. A. Elmustafa (Old Dominion University), and G. Namkoong (Applied Research Center)
Organometal hybrid perovskite material has emerged as an attractive competitor in the field of photovoltaics due to its promising potential of low-cost and high-efficiency photovoltaic applications. Although organometal halide perovskite solar cell shows great potential to meet future energy needs, the degradation raises serious questions about its commercialization viability. At present, the stability of perovskite solar cells has been studied in various environmental conditions. Nonetheless, an understanding of the degradation and its performance of CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite solar cell is limited.

Herein, we report the mechanical and structural degradation of CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite films at room temperature as a function of time and thermal instability of perovskite solar cells during the heating and cooling processes. For mechanical degradation measurement, we used nanoindentation for CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite films fabricated on FTO/PEDOT:PSS substrate. The hardness and elastic modulus of perovskite films were measured as a function of time. In addition, the mechanical degradation of perovskite thin films was correlated with X-ray diffraction, steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). We also investigated the thermal instability of perovskite thin films and the irreversible performance of perovskite solar cells. Particularly, the irreversible performance of CH3NH3PbI3-xClx was analyzed by measuring the development of crystallinity, charge trapping/detrapping, trap depth, and PbI- phase while varying the temperature of perovskite films and solar cells between room temperature and 82 °C. Surprisingly, we found that the degradation of both perovskite films and solar cells occurred at ~70°C. Remarkably, even after the perovskite solar cell temperature cooled down to room temperature, the performance of solar cells continuously degraded. The underlying mechanism of irreversibly degraded performance of perovskite films and solar cells were explained in terms of the development of phase separation, increased trapping rates and deep trap depth of defect states of perovskite films.