Understanding the Anomalously High Capacity of Li- and Mn-Rich Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries

Wednesday, 22 June 2016: 10:55
Grand Ballroom (Hyatt Regency)
W. S. Yoon (Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University)
The reaction mechanism of a high capacity lithium- and manganese-rich metal oxide has been investigated. High-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (HRPD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) were used, respectively, to evaluate the electrochemical charge and discharge reactions in terms of local and bulk structural changes, and variations in the oxidation states of the transition metal ions. Ni K-edge XAS data indicate the participation of nickel in reversible redox reactions, whereas Mn K-edge absorption spectra show that the manganese ions do not participate in the electrochemical reactions. Rietveld refinements of the oxygen occupancy during charge and discharge provide evidence of reversible oxygen contribution by the host structure; this unique oxygen participation is likely the main reason for the anomalously high capacity of these electrodes. The HRPD data also show that during the early cycles, characteristic peaks of the Li2MnO3 component disappear when charged to 4.7 V, but reappear on discharge to 2.5 V, consistent with a reversible lithium and oxygen extraction process. The results provide new insights into the charge compensation mechanisms that occur when high capacity, lithium- and manganese-rich electrode materials are electrochemically cycled – a topic that is currently being hotly debated in the literature.