Integrated Air Preheater and Anode Off-Gas Oxidizer
An initial integration effort using two separate components is reported. The system consists of a close-coupled injector and a downstream plate heat exchanger, which was catalytically coated. The performance was constrained by reaction kinetics: measurements showed that the off-gas and cathode mixture typically ignited within 5 – 10 ms at mixture temperatures above 750°C.
CFD on this system shows that part of the mixture takes more than 15 ms before reaching the inlet port of the heat exchanger, leading to early ignition. Both CFD and SEM analysis showed that the walls of the heat exchanger overheat to 1000 – 1100 °C. The SEM analysis reveal the effect of this overheating on scale growth and evaporation of Cr VI in the heat exchanger, and its subsequent condensation on the cool, catalytically coated walls.
The integrated HEX and oxidizer consists of an internal injector, which delivers the anode gas to each cathode flow path between pairs of heat exchanging plates. The injection occurs adjacent to a catalytically coated zone in the heat exchanger. The CFD effort covers the combined effects of injection, mixing, generation of reaction heat and heat exchange. The results show that the injection and subsequent mixing is uniform. The mixture reaches the cooled sections of the heat exchanger within 3 ms, and thus below the auto ignition time. These calculations are in line with experimental performance data on the integrated component.