Reactive Force-Field Development for Metal/Ceramic SOFC Anode Modeling
For SOFC performance, it is essential to improve the stability of the Ni/YSZ cermet anode. Combination of Ni and YSZ has been studied experimentally, but the interaction is not well understood in the boundary between Ni and YSZ. However, there is no evidence about the atomic-scale Ni/YSZ interface dynamics and chemical changes in the structure during the operation of SOFC. Unfortunately, most classical force fields are incapable of describing chemical reactions. To overcome this difficulty, reactive force field (ReaxFF) potential was developed by van Duin and co-workers. Recently, Ni/YSZ/H2 interactions are reported by ReaxFF. But in this interaction Ni/YSZ interface stability is not taken into account. As a first step we developed our own ReaxFF potential to investigate Ni/ZrO2 interface and for determining stable Ni/YSZ interface for modeling of the triple-phase-boundary in SOFCs. Big difference is found between our developed and reported ReaxFF and that is work of separation. Using our ReaxFF potential, work of separation is in excellent agreement with literature. It is found that O around Zr4+cation is reduced in case of bulk and interface regions. Although interface region exhibited less reduction compared to bulk region. More details and Ni/YSZ interface stability through O vacancy may present at conference.