Theoretical Study of Inorganic Carbonaceous Species Reaction with the Surfaces of BaTiO3(001)

Tuesday, 28 July 2015
Hall 2 (Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre)
D. S. Rivera Rocabado (Department of Hydrogen Energy Systems, Kyushu University, CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency), T. Ishimoto (INAMORI Frontier Research Center, Kyushu University, CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency), T. Quang-Tuyen (International Research Center for Hydrogen Energy), Y. Shiratori (Faculty of Engineering), and M. Koyama (INAMORI Frontier Research Center, Kyushu University, CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency)
Due to the variety of component elements and their high chemical stability at elevated temperatures, various perovskite oxide materials have been used to replace catalyst containing precious metals as oxidation catalysts or oxygen-activated catalysts (1). Additionally, because of their oxygen mobility through the material the C accumulation is not promoted. Such is the case of the resistance towards C deposition of Ni/BaTiO3-Al2O3 when employed as catalyst for low temperature dry reforming of CH4 (2). During the CH4 reforming, the C deposition is caused mainly due the CH4 decomposition or the CO disproportionation reaction that will lead to the formation of CO2 and C. On the other hand, one of the drawbacks of some perovskite materials such as BaTiO3 is that in the presence of CO2 the formation of a localized stable carbonate phase on the surface is possible (3). This carbonate phase will affect not only the catalytic activity of the material, but also may influence in its electronic properties. In this study the density functional theory (DFT) will be employed to analyze from a theoretical point of view the interaction of CO2 and the CO disproportionation reaction on the surfaces of BaTiO3(001). Our first approach with the BaO-terminated surface revealed that the CO molecule chemisorbs on the surface O atom. Additionally, if another CO molecule from the gas phase will interact with the already adsorbed CO molecule (Eley-Rideal reaction mechanism), the formation of trioxydehydroethene showed high spontaneity and the least stable but still probable to occur is the formation of CO2 and C that chemisorbs on top of an O atom (disproportionation reaction).  Moreover, for the CO2 reaction with the BaO-terminated surface, the formation of CO3 anion showed to be quite stable. Furthermore, the CO2 reaction and CO disproportionation reaction will be also analyzed for the TiO2-terminated surface.


  1. J. T. S. Irvine, in Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, T. Ishihara, Ed., p. 167, Springer, Fukuoka (2008).
  2. X. Li, Q. Hu, Y. Yang, Y. Wang, and F. He, Appl. Catal. A, 413– 414, 163, (2012).
  3. M. Wegman, L. Watson, A. Hendry, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 87, 371 (2004).