Stability of Bi2O3-Based Ionic Conductor and Its Application on Composite Cathode
In this study, we choose yttria-stabilized bismuth oxides (YSB) as ionic conductor and mixed with strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) for composite cathode. Size effect of LSM on the polarization resistance was investigated by using convertional solid-state reacted and nano-sized LSM.
The electrochemical performances of composite cathodes with different LSM:YSB ratio have been investigated at temperature ranging from 500℃to 650℃ using AC impedance spectroscopy. The polarization resistance measured from a symmetric cell consisting of nano-sized LSM-YSB electrodes on a YSB electrolyte is 50% lower than that of submicron-sized LSM-YSB cathodes by SSR (0.21 ohmcm2) at 650℃.
The polarization of cathode is reduced because of the mixing of high surface area electric conducting materials and ionic conducting materials. The nanostructure of composite cathode is able to extend triple phase boundary(electronic conductor, ionic conductor,and oxygen gas) and provide numerous reaction sites for electrochemical reaction to occur.