In Situ Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopic Studies on Iridium Oxide
We have built a setup for in situ surface Enhanced Raman spectroscopy. We deposited hydrous iridium oxide on Au. We have followed the Ir-OH peaks and its behavior over various potentials to investigate the potentials dependent property of the oxide. We followed the dominant peak at 520 cm-1 over potentials ranging from 0.4 to 1.8V. The peak shows expected tuning in response to applied electric field. Potentials 1.6V and higher are potentials where considerable evolution of oxygen happens. The shifting of this peak to higher values (stronger bonds) can be linked to higher charge on the Iridium center. The differential tuning of Raman shifts with respect to the applied potential are used to establish the points of charge transfer.
DFT calculations were performed in conjunction with isotope substitution studies to interpret the experiments. The peak at 780 cm-1 appears at 1.4V and grows in intensity till 1.8V (beyond which the potential was turned off). This is the potential regime for oxygen evolution. This peak at only exists under applied potential regime of oxygen evolution and goes away as soon as the potential is removed and an open circuit is established. This experiment reiterates the importance of in situ studies in the context of electrocatalysis.