From Twitching to Nanowires Toward a Holistic Understanding of Motility Structures and Extracellular Electron Transfer in Shewanella Oneidensis
Using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of ω-substituted alkanethiolates on gold, we have recently demonstrated that twitching motility occurs in Shewanella oneidensis MR1 and that it is responsive to the chemistry of the substratum. In addition, using deletion mutants, we are eludicating the roles of the two classes of T4P present (PilA and Msh) in S. oneidensis in surface motility and their significance in biofilm formation. (Figure 1) We have found that while both types of pili are required for wild-type early biofilm formation, either pilus on its own is sufficient for twitching surface motility. We are also exploring the formation of nanowires and subsequent EET for this set of mutants.
In this presentation, we discuss the known and possible interrelationships between surface motility, nanowire production, biofilm formation and EET, including mechanisms for their molecular coordination. We predict that manipulation of engineerable parameters can modulate these cellular activities for better design of microbial biofuel cells.
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