Adsorption Characteristics of Thiophene on Cu and Ni(100): Role of Van Der Waals
The inclusion of vdWs interactions results in a significant increase in the binding energy of thiophene on Cu(100) (from 0.12 eV to up to 0.77 eV), while the adsorption height is also modified from 3.2 A down to, at most, 2.38 A, depending on the functional used. The Ni(100) case presents a similar behavior for the binding energy (enhancement from 1.56 eV to up to 2.34 eV), but the adsorption heights increase from 2.12 Å up to 2.32 Å.
In addition to adsorption geometry and energetics, we present the results and analysis of the electronic properties (charge transfer, changes in the d-band of the substrate, and change in the work function) of these two systems to complement our understanding of the molecule-substrate bonding.
Our results suggest that the adsorption characteristics are dependent on the type of functional used; opt-type functionals (optB86, optB88, optPBE) are found to produce stronger bonding as compared to PBE, revPBE and rPW86.
This work is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Basic Energy Science under Contract No DE-FG02-11ER16243