Clean Energy from Ethanol: Efficient Oxidation of Ethanol in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Via a New Reformer Catalyst
In order to improve the efficiency of high-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), particularly those utilizing ethanol as a fuel (ESOFC), our recent research focused on the catalysts that increase the power density of such fuel cells. The systems studied were based on nano-oxides such as SnO2, SnO2/Sb2O5, CeO2 and TiO2. The structural properties of such synthesized oxides were evaluated using XRD and HRTEM. These oxides were then deposited on nickel foam and used in an external reformer converting ethanol to H2. Reformed ethanol was fed to an anode of the SOFC . The Ni/CeO2catalyst in the external reformer, combined with SOFC, gives the highest power density of ESOFC (Ethanol Solid Oxide Fuel Cell).
 Kowal A., et al., Nature Materials , 2009, 9, 325.
 Adzic R, Kowal A., (Brookhaven National Laboratory), Patent Application Publication , Pub. No. US2009/0068505 A1 (Mar. 12, 2009).