Novel Cholesterol Sensor Based on Ultra-Low Detection Limit Hydrogen Peroxide Sensor

Monday, 6 October 2014: 16:20
Expo Center, 1st Floor, Universal 10 (Moon Palace Resort)
C. H. Chu, K. C. Fang, C. P. Hsu, Y. W. Kang, J. Y. Fang (National Tsing Hua University), C. H. Hsu (Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes), Y. F. Huang, C. C. Chen, S. S. Li, J. A. Yeh, D. J. Yao, and Y. L. Wang (National Tsing Hua University)
Hydrogen peroxide attracts a great interest due to its important role in food, pharmaceutical, and clinical applications. Hydrogen peroxide is also a by-product in many enzyme catalytic reactions, such as glucose oxidase, lactate oxidase, cholesterol oxidase, alcohol oxidase, urate oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and oxalate oxidase, which are implemented to detect glucose, lactic acid, cholesterol, ethanol, urea, formaldehyde, and oxalate, respectively. These biomolecules are significant markers in many biologically metabolic reactions. In our study, we present a cholesterol sensor based on a high sensitivity hydrogen peroxide sensor with ultra-low detection limit. The sensor can directly test the sample and only need very small amount of sample. And because of the simple structural design and fabrication, the sensor can be used as a cheap, efficient, and portable sensor system.

             The HRP-modified resistive sensors based on n-alkylated polyaniline(PANI) detect hydrogen peroxide in solution with very high sensitivity, ultra-low limit, and short response time. The sensitivity is higher than that of other sensing methods, such as electrochemical sensors or transistor sensors. The detection limit of PANI sensor is 0.7 nM. It is three orders smaller than that of other common methods with detection limit around 1 μM. To the best of our knowledge, it is the lowest detection limit that has ever been reported. And we combine the hydrogen peroxide sensor with cholesterol oxidase to build up the cholesterol sensor.

             In our study, the PANI layer and gold electrodes were deposited on silicon nitride substrate, and the PANI was applied to fabricate a thin film between two electrodes. Then the PANI layer was sultonated by propane sultone and modified with HRP. After that, the device was combined with dialysis membrane which was modified with cholesterol oxidase. During the measurement, the sensor was operated at 100mV and different concentrations of cholesterol PBS solutions (pH=7.0) were dropped on it. The cholesterol reacted with the cholesterol oxidase and created hydrogen peroxide on the PANI thin film (Figure 1).

            The current change was measured when the hydrogen peroxide reacted with the HRP immobilized PANI thin film. According to regular cholesterol level in human blood, we tested the cholesterol solution from 100 mg/dl to 400 mg/dl ,and we get a very good linear result (Figure 2).

            In summary, the cholesterol sensor can provide a more exact cholesterol concentration detection. The simple process for the sensor fabrication also allows the sensor to be cheap, disposable and combinable with other sensors to build up sensing system.

             This work was partially supported by National Science Council grant (No.99B20495A & 101-2221-E-007-102-MY3) and by the research grant (100N2049E1) at National Tsing Hua University.