Ion Intercalation into 2D Titanium Carbide Based MXenes: Applications for Electrochemical Capacitors
Herein, we report on the intercalation of Li+, Na+, Mg2+, K+, NH4+, and Al3+ ions between the 2D Ti3C2Tx layers. In most cases, the cations intercalated spontaneously. The intercalation of some ions, notably Al3+, can be promoted electrochemically. We also report on intercalation-induced high volumetric capacitance of flexible Ti3C2Tx paper electrodes. This study provides a basis for exploring a large family of 2D carbides and carbonitrides in electrochemical energy storage applications using single- and multivalent ions.
Lukatskaya, M.R., et al., Cation Intercalation and High Volumetric Capacitance of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbide. Science, 2013. 341(6153): p. 1502-1505.