Iron Porphyrin Carbenes As Intermediates in the Degradation of Toxic Compounds and Catalysis: Structures, Spectroscopic Properties, and Bonding

Thursday, 28 May 2015: 16:40
Lake Michigan (Hilton Chicago)
R. Khade, W. Fan (Stevens Institute of Technology), Y. Ling (University of South Mississippi), L. Yang, and Y. Zhang (Stevens Institute of Technology)
Iron porphyrin carbenes (IPCs) are thought to be intermediates involved in the metabolism of various xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, as well as in chemical reactions catalyzed by metalloporphyrins and engineered P450s. While early work proposed IPCs to contain FeII, more recent work invokes a double bond description of the iron carbon bond, similar to that found in FeIV porphyrin oxenes. Here, we report the first quantum chemical investigation of IPC Mössbauer and NMR spectroscopic properties, as well as their electronic structures, together with comparisons to ferrous heme proteins and an FeIV oxene model. The results provide the first accurate predictions of the experimental spectroscopic observables as well as the first theoretical explanation of their electrophilic nature, as deduced from experiment. The preferred resonance structure is FeII<--{:C(X)Y}0 and not FeIV={C(X)Y}2-, a result that will facilitate research on IPC reactivities in various chemical and biochemical systems.