Analysis of a Four H-Bond Array Using Cyclic Voltammetry: Introducing a New Redox Center to Strengthen Dimerization
For this study, we aim to modify another four H-bond Upy array by introducing a methyl pyridinium redox center as shown below. We hypothesize that this array will prefer the tautomer that presents an ADAD H-bond motif in the starting oxidation state. This motif will form a dimer with relatively weak H-bond interactions due to electrostatic repulsions and also unfavorable secondary H-bond interactions. Upon 2e- reduction, where 1e- is gained for each methyl pyridinium redox center, the H-bond strength should increase due to the loss of repulsive charges and also allows the nitrogen to become a stronger hydrogen acceptor. Since the resulting nitrogen is now a better H-acceptor, there is a possibility of intermolecular proton transfer which will induce the tautomer to have an AADD motif that will further strengthen the H-bonds by favorable secondary H-bond interactions.