Forcespinning: An Alternative Method to Produce Metal Sulfides/Carbon Composite Nanofibers As Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Batteries

Wednesday, 31 May 2017: 17:00
Grand Salon D - Section 24 (Hilton New Orleans Riverside)
M. Alcoutlabi (University of Texas Rio Grande Valley), V. Agubra, L. Zuniga (The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley), and A. Valdez (University of Texas Rio Grande Valley)
We present results on the Forcespinning (FS) of SnS2/SnO2/PAN and MoS2/PAN precursors for the mass production of SnS2/SnO2 /carbon and MoS2/C as anode materials for Lithium-ion and Sodium-ion batteries. The binary composite nanofiber electrodes of SnS2/SnO2/C and MoS2/C are produced using a scalable technique (FS) and subsequent thermal treatment (calcination). The composite nanofiber anodes were porous and flexible. The nanofiber preparation process involved the FS of SnS2/SnO2/PAN and MoS2/PAN precursors into nanofibers and subsequent stabilization in air at 280oC and calcination at 800oC under an inert atmosphere. The flexible composite nanofibers were directly used as working electrode in lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries without a current collector, conducting additives, or binder. The SnS2/C and SnS2/SnO2/C electrodes delivered a specific capacity of 556 mAhg-1 and 965 mAhg-1 respectively during the first sodiation cycle. This initial high capacity is attributed to the irreversible formation of a stable SEI layer and to the porous structure of the Forcespun composite nanofibers. In the subsequent cycles, the SnS2/C electrode exhibited a much stable cycling performance compared to SnS2/SnO2/C i.e. 145 mAhg-1 was maintained after 50 cycles. The MoS2/C composite nanofiber electrodes delivered a good electrochemical performance and Coulombic efficiency when used for Lithium-ion batteries. This study provides a novel and feasible pathway for designing and developing promising anodes and cathodes for high-performance lithium ion and sodium-ion batteries.