(Invited) Tuning Physicochemical Properties of MoS2 By Mechanical Strain

Tuesday, 30 May 2017: 10:10
Eglinton Winton (Hilton New Orleans Riverside)


Monolayers of 2D materials have ultrahigh mechanical strength, which enables application of very large elastic strains (e.g., ~11% for MoS2 and 25% for graphene). The ability of sustaining such large elastic strain offers unprecedented opportunities to engineer the physicochemical properties by applying mechanical strain. In this talk, I will present two examples on the effect of strain on the properties of MoS2 layer. The first example shows that elastic tensile strain reduces the bandgap of MoS2. When a gradient strain field is applied to MoS2 monolayer, the created bandgap gradient acts as an efficient funnel of photogenerated excitons that leads to enhanced photoluminescence. The second example shows that when elastic strain is applied to the sulfur vacancy on the basal planes of monolayer 2H-MoS2, the strain modifies the local electronic structure and catalytic activity. The proper combination of S-vacancy and strain allows us to achieve higher intrinsic activity for hydrogen evolution reaction than the edge site of MoS2.