Electrochemical Behavior of Steels in CO2-H2o Systems for Direct Supercritical CO2 Power Cycle Applications

Wednesday, 31 May 2017: 14:00
Grand Salon D - Section 22 (Hilton New Orleans Riverside)
R. Repukaiti (Oregon State University), L. Teeter, M. Ziomek-Moroz, O. Dogan (National Energy Technology Laboratory), and J. Tucker (Oregon State University)
In experiments simulating direct supercritical CO2 power cycle conditions, a change in the corrosion behavior of 316 and 347H stainless steels has been observed during the startup and shut down periods. In these exposure tests, the steels experienced environments which are CO2-saturated water systems at elevated temperature and pressure. Due to the electrochemical nature of corrosion processes occurring in these systems, corrosion behavior of ferritic-martensitic P91 steel and austenitic 347H stainless steel was studied in CO2-saturated H2O using potentiodynamic and potentiostatic experiments. The solution was prepared by bubbling CO2 through H2O at constant temperature. The solution preparation and the experiments were carried out at 25 and 50°C.

Potentiodynamic experiments, including cyclic voltammetry, were performed to determine the corrosion behavior of selected materials. Corrosion rates were determined from linear polarization resistance experiments. Optical and scanning electron microscopy of the corroded surfaces were performed after the potentiostatic experiments.