Here we present an electrochemical model for a cell with a porous anolyte based on porous-electrode theory , and apply the model to optimize the design of the porous anolyte to maximize cycle life and safety. For example, we find that, because the electronic conductivity of lithium metal is over 7 orders of magnitude higher than the ionic conductivity of present state-of-the-art solid electrolytes, electronically conductive additives provide no benefit for the porous electrode. As the lithium plates onto the electrolyte surface (initially at the interface with the current collector), the plated lithium itself provides a sufficiently electronically conductive network. Furthermore, if the area-specific resistance of the porous electrode is too low, the current distribution can be highly nonuniform, which can have deleterious consequences for cycle life and safety. Finally, we discuss the implications of the model for the necessary mechanical properties of the solid electrolyte to prevent dendrites even in the presence of manufacturing tolerances.
 C. Wang, Y. Gong, B. Liu, K. Fu, Y. Yao, E. Hitz, Y. Li, J. Dai, S. Xu, W. Luo, E. D. Wachsman, and L. Hu, NanoLetters 2017, 17(1) p. 565.
 J. Newman and K. E. Thomas-Alyea, Electrochemical Systems, 3rd edition, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004.