(Invited) Phase and Stacking of 2D Materials in Heterostructures and Dislocated Nanoplates Impact Their Properties and Applications

Tuesday, 3 October 2017: 14:30
Chesapeake E (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
S. Jin (Department of Chemistry, UW-Madison)
The interesting and tunable properties of layered metal dichalcogenides (MX2) and other layered materials heavily depend on their phase and layer stacking. We discovered that chemical exfoliation of layered MX2 nanosheets and the simultaneous conversion from the semiconducting 2H polymorph to the metallic 1T polymorph grants greatly enhanced activity for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). We have also developed layer-controlled vertical heterostructures of MX2 by van der Waals epitaxy that have strong electronic interactions across the heterojunctions that can be useful for solar energy conversion. We further show and explain how the layer stacking and physical properties of MX2 are influenced by screw dislocations. A one-to-one correlation of atomic force microscopy and high- and low-frequency Raman spectroscopy of many dislocated WSe2 nanoplates reveals variations in the number and shapes of dislocation spirals and different layer stackings that are determined by the number, rotation, and location of the dislocations. These lead to three class of behaviors: plates with triangular dislocation spirals have non-centrosymmetric stacking that gives rise to strong second-harmonic generation, plates with hexagonal dislocation spirals form the bulk 2H layer stacking commonly observed, and plates containing mixed dislocation shapes have intermediate non-centrosymmetric stackings with mixed properties.