Effect of Nickel and Iron on Structural and Electrochemical Properties of O3-Type Nickel-Iron-Manganese Based Cathodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries

Wednesday, 4 October 2017
Prince George's Exhibit Hall D/E (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
T. Yu, Y. K. Sun (Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University), U. H. Kim, and H. H. Ryu (Hanyang University)
To address the depletion of fossil fuels and air pollution problems many green energy systems have been explored over the past few decades. We investigate that the effect of Ni and Fe contents on structural and electrochemical properties of O3- type layered Na[Ni0.75-xFexMn0.25]O2 (x= 0.4, 0.45, 0.5, and 0.55) in which Mn is fixed at 25%. As increasing the Ni contents, the capacities are gradually higher while the capacity retention and thermal properties are inferior. When Fe contents are increased, by contrast, the electrode exhibits stable capacity retention and satisfactory thermal stability although the resulting capacity slightly decreases. Structural investigation of post cycled electrodes indicate that lattice variation is greatly suppressed from x=0.5 in Na[Ni0.71-5xFexMn0.25]O2. This indicates that an appropriate amount of Fe into the Na[Ni0.75-xFexMn0.25]O2 stabilizes the crystal structure and this leads to the good cycling performances. Also, the better structural stability obtained by Fe addition is responsible for the less heat generation at elevated temperature for the desodiated Na[Ni0.75-xFexMn0.25]O2 (x = 0.4, 0.45, 0.5, and 0.55) caused by less evaporation of oxygen from the crystal structure.