In Situ TEM Study of the Coarsening of Carbon Black Supported Pt Nanoparticles in Hydrogen

Thursday, 5 October 2017: 16:40
National Harbor 3 (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
S. B. Simonsen (Technical University of Denmark), Y. Wang (Huaihai Institution of Technology), J. O. Jensen, and W. Zhang (Technical University of Denmark)
The control of sizes and shapes of nanostructures is of tremendous importance for the catalytic activity in electrochemistry and in catalysis more generally. However, due to relatively large surface free energies, nanostructures often sinter to form coarser and more stable structures that may not have the intended physicochemical properties.

Pt is known to be a very active catalyst in several chemical reactions and for example as carbon supported nanoparticles in fuel cells.

The presentation focusses on coarsening mechanisms of Pt nanoparticles supported on carbon black during exposure to hydrogen. By means of in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Pt nanoparticle coarsening was monitored in 6 mbar 20 % H2/Ar while ramping up the temperature to ca. 900 °C. Time-resolved TEM images directly reveal that separated ca. 3 nm sized Pt nanoparticles in the pure hydrogen environment are stable during constant temperature ramping by 10°C/min up to ca. 800 °C. The coarsening above this temperature is fully dominated by the particle migration and coalescence mechanism. This is contrary to supported Pt nanoparticles in oxygen, where the coarsening is fully dominated by Ostwald ripening. For agglomerated Pt nanoparticles, coalescence events were observed already at ca. 200 °C. The temperature-dependency of particle sizes and the observed migration distances are consistent with simple early models for the migration and coalescence.