High Mobility Materials on Insulator for Advanced Technology Nodes

Monday, 25 May 2015: 10:40
Conference Room 4M (Hilton Chicago)
W. Schwarzenbach, C. Figuet, D. Delprat, C. Veytizou, I. Huyet, C. Tempesta, L. Ecarnot (SOITEC), J. Widiez (CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus), V. Loup (CEA-LETI MINATEC Campus), J. M. Hartmann (CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus), P. Besson (CEA-LETI MINATEC Campus), C. Deguet, F. Mazen (CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus), B. Y. Nguyen (SOITEC), and C. Maleville (Soitec)
Substrate Requirements & Product Roadmap

Bulk silicon device technologies are reaching fundamental performance scaling limitations. To support Fully-Depleted SOI design introduction at 28nm node, SmartCut® technology has demonstrated in the past years its capability to deliver ultra-thin SOI (i.e ultra-thin silicon and ultra-thin buried oxide) substrates, in volume production mode with high quality and ultra-low roughness. [1, 2] These UTBOX (or UTBB) materials are routinely prepared with a typical SOI layer of 12nm thick controlled wafer to wafer and across the wafer at maximum +/- 0.5 nm. Buried Oxide layer can be thinned down to 10nm. Silicon on Insulator technology can also be adapted for other device architectures, such as FinFet on SOI.

However, even if Silicon & Fully Depleted technology can support the electrostatic scaling down to 14nm node, material innovation is necessary for advanced technologies such as node 10nm and beyond. Strained-SOI material already demonstrates some of its substrate capability [3], performance benefit [4] and integration advantages [5] for 10nm FDSOI MOSFET. High mobility is also targeted using Germanium-rich materials, already known for extremely high hole mobility and low hole effective mass. [6] Thus SiGeOI material is included in product roadmap, as shown on Figure 1.

This paper will report latest achievement in sSOI, GeOI, & SiGeOI materials preparation, developed to support technology nodes beyond 10nm.

Substrate Preparation

Fig. 2 shows typical SmartCut ® process, adapted for sSOI, GeOI & SiGeOI material preparation. It benefits of previous FDSOI developments optimizing buried oxide growth, ionic implant, bonding & splitting process steps for highly uniform thin layer transfer. It introduces engineered donor wafer including SiGe and/or strained-silicon Epi layers. Refresh process is also adjusted, to be able to re-use donor epitaxy, optimizing material cost & quality. During finishing process, specific steps including polishing, thermal treatment & cleanings are introduced to manage stress & germanium.

 GeOI Substrate Demonstration

Fig. 3a shows TEM cross section of GeOI material, including 10nm Oxide capping, 60nm Ge layer and 150nm Buried Oxide. No crystal defect is observed by cross-sectional TEM. Using chemical etching for defect delineation, Threading Dislocation density, numbered from optical microscope view as on Fig. 3b, is estimated in E7 cm-2range.

SiGe0.70OI Substrate Demonstration

Germanium concentration on finished product, 70% on current development samples, is determined by donor epitaxy layer.To ensure tight thickness control, in addition to excellent Epitaxy uniformity & optimized SmartCut process, SiGeOI finishing process step implements the selective chemical etching instead of using the substantial polishing removal process as previously reported for GeOI substrate preparation.[7] As shown in Fig. 4a, it enables to reach the SiGe layer uniformity better than +/- 8% on 300mm substrates. Finished SiGeOI surface roughness is also characterized using 30x30 µm² AFM with  a RMS value lower than 3 A (Fig. 4b).


[1] W. Schwarzenbach et al., ECS Trans., vol. 45, p.227, 2012

[2] W. Schwarzenbach et al., ECS Trans., vol. 53, p.39, 2013

[3] W. Schwarzenbach et al, ICICDT 2012

[4] A. Khakifirooz et al, VLSI Symp. 2012

[5] F. Andrieu et al, VLSI Symp. 2014

[6] S. Takagi, IEEE TED, 2008

[7] J. Widiez et al, ECS Trans., Vol. 64, p 35, 2014