Terahertz Spectroscopy: Studying Carrier Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures
We have applied time-resolved THz spectroscopy to investigate ultrafast carrier dynamics to a variety of nanostructured semiconducting systems such as silicon nanocrystal films, nanogranular iron pyrate (FeS2) and vanadium dioxide (VO2). Furthermore, terahertz emission spectroscopy of nanomaterials, where the sample itself emits THz radiation in response to optical excitation, provides important insights into carrier dynamics. We have recently generated THz pulses from optically excited macroscopic arrays of aligned single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). We propose that top-bottom asymmetry present in the SWCNT arrays produces a built-in electric field in semiconducting SWCNTs, which enables generation of polarized THz radiation by a photocurrent surge.