One of the systems that has been gaining importance to measure phenols in real time is the Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM). This technique comprises a thin quartz crystal sandwiched between two metal electrodes and senses the changes in frequency that suffers the quartz crystal when a certain amount of mass is deposited on its surface .
In order to improve the sensibility of compounds to measurement using a QCM have been used coatings on quartz crystal electrode surface, for example for phenols determination polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is used. The main objective of this research is to determine in real time and in continuous flow the concentration of phenolic compounds in produced water using the technique QCM with PMMA as coating on quartz crystal electrode surface.
This work is conducted in three stages mainly: 1. Determination of a suitable layer of PMMA to use as coating, 2. Evaluation of the effect of the concentration of phenols, pH and flow rate in the measurements by QCM, 3. Comparison of sensitivity and time response obtained in the technique QCM with standard method by colorimetry.
Results have shown that the PMMA films are more uniform when is used dichloroethane as solvent instead of chloroform and the stability and sensitivity in the measurements improve due to the vapor pressure of solvent that allows more dispersion of the polymer during spin coating, which is consistent with other authors . Increase in the concentration of phenolic compounds, the flow rate and the pH increases the changes in frequency of the quartz crystal.
Keywords: Quartz crystal microbalance, PMMA, phenols, produced water, real time.
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