The Response and Limits of Fast Discharge and Charge Rates of Electrodeposited V2O5 Inverse Opal Networks in Lithium Batteries

Thursday, 1 June 2017: 17:00
Grand Salon C - Section 13 (Hilton New Orleans Riverside)
S. O'Hanlon and C. O'Dwyer (University College Cork)
Structurally stable electrodeposited vanadium pentoxide inverse opal networks on FTO-coated glass are electrochemically tested as a function of C-Rate (discharging and charging) in this study. Recent applications of IOs in electrochemical energy storage have proven that their open-worked structure promotes more stable Li-ion intercalation during cycling(1-3), exhibit improved rate capability due to increased surface area and decreased path lengths for Li+ insertion,(4-7). Rate limitations associated with standard Li-ion batteries can be improved in principle due to shorter diffusion lengths in the 3D architecture(8, 9), particularly important for charging in full cells. V2O5 has been widely investigated(10) as a cathode material for Li-ion batteries due to its high theoretical specific capacity and is useful for reversible Li-ion insertion and removal due to its mixed valance and layered structure.(11) The difference in open-topped versus overfilled (closed top) 3D inverse opal macroporous V2O5 networks, due to electrodeposition growth time, is examined by galvanostatic cycling, and both 3D structure are examined at C-rates in the range 0.5 – 30 C. Electrochemical analysis demonstrates how lithium phase changes increasing C-rate in both open and overfilled network cases, with capacity values investigated after 25 charge/discharge cycles. Raman scattering and X-ray diffraction is used to investigate the change in structure and phase in each case at each C-rate, along with SEM images to visual investigate the effect of C-rate on the V2O5 inverse opal networks.


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