Physical electrochemistry and electrodeposition have a role to play in above context because electrochemical growth of epitaxial films is almost routine technique. In situ STM and in situ SXRD showed that nucleation and growth is now well controlled   . Moreover, the development of in situ magnetic properties (magnetooptical Kerr Effect, MOKE)  has been a decisive step forward to correlate structure / morphology with magnetic anisotropy (MA).
This presentation will focus on the use of electrochemical interface to tailor MA with applied voltage    which is most promising approach to design ultralow power consumption devices . Newest results will be discussed.
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