Novel method utilizing specific 2D-NMR technique was successfully developed to probe the solvation state of different electrolyte solvents. The result obtained by this technique agreed with the measurement by vibrational spectroscopy. Most importantly, unlike the vibrational spectroscopy measurement, this method can be easily applied to electrolyte system with two or more electrolyte solvents. For example, it is not impossible to determine the solvation state of a ternary-solvent electrolyte comprising EC, EMC and DMC by vibrational spectroscopy due to the severe overlapping of peaks. However, the solvation state can be easily determined with the new method developed. Therefore, this new technique provides an important experimental tool in examining the solvation state of different electrolyte solvents. Application of this newly developed technique in revealing the electrochemical performance of various electrolytes on Li-ion batteries will also be discussed.
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