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Freestanding, Binder-Free Metal Sulfide Nanotubes Array As High Efficient Cathode for High Performance Lithium-O2 Batteries

Wednesday, 4 October 2017: 11:20
Maryland A (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
J. Wang, Y. Fu, H. Y. Yu (SIEMIS, Soochow University), C. Zhang, J. Yao (Department of Chemistry, Soochow University), J. F. Li (Xiamen University), X. Li, J. H. Tian (SIEMIS, Soochow University), and R. Yang (Soochow University)
Lithium-O2 battery as a novel energy conversion and storage device has attracted increasing attention [1]. However, it’s still facing great challenges for practical applications, including of large over potentials, poor cycling life [2]. Many reports have shown that a suitable cathode catalyst may could solve these problems [3]. Herein, metal sulfide (NiCo2S4) nanotube arrays on carbon paper were synthesized through a two-step hydrothermal method and then applied as a freestanding, binder-free cathode for lithium-O2 batteries directly. This novel air electrode could deliver a high initial discharge capacity of 12348.5 mAh g-1 with coulomb efficiency of 88.9% (Fig. 1a). Specifically, the discharge/charge over-potentials gap has been reduced to 0.73V, which is much lower than that of the counterpart metal oxide catalyst (NiCo2O4 NWs, 1.24 V)(Fig. 1b). Furthermore, this NiCo2S4 NTs@CFPs air electrode shows excellent long cycling life (485 cycles). This novel air electrode also exhibited great stability and reversibility. Interestingly, the discharge product of the air electrode with NiCo2S4 NTs is film-like amorphous Li2O2, which owns higher charge-transport properties and could be decomposed at a much lower potential than the common crystalline Li2O2. The excellent cell performances could be ascribed to the intrinsic properties of NiCo2S4, including high electrical conductivity and redox activity, the special hollow nanotubes structure, which could provide larger specific surface area and more active sites as well as enough space to accommodate the discharge products. The numerous pores distributed on the nanotube wall could also facilitate the transport of oxygen and electrolyte during the cell operation. This novel freestanding, binder-free air electrode sheds light on the application of metal sulfides not only on Lithium-air batteries, but also other metal-air batteries and fuel cells.

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (21673153, 21303114,51272167 and 51572181 ), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFB0100200), Natural Science Foundation of the Higher Education Institutions of Jiangsu Province, China (15KJB480001) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (BK20161207).

 

References:

 1. Bruce P.G., Freunberger S.A., Hardwick L.J., Tarascon J.M. (2012). Li-O2 and Li-S batteries with high energy storage. Nat. Mater., 11, 19-29.

2. Li F.J., Zhang T., Zhou H.S. (2013). Challenges of non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries: electrolytes, catalysts, and anodes. Energy Environ. Sci., 6, 1125-1141.

3. Shao Y.Y., Park S., Xiao J., Zhang J.-G., Wang Y., Liu J. (2012). Electrocatalysts for nonaqueous lithium-air batteries: status, challenges, and perspective. ACS Catal., 2, 844-857.