Here in, our group clearly demonstrate the ambiguously unsolved problem of lithium oxygen full cell system using alternative anode (lithiated Si-CNT composite) for lithium metal by XRD and SEM analysis. The amount of lithium source in alternative anode is limited compared to quasi infinite amount of Li source in Li metal. The returning lithium ion at the charge forms the lithium hydroxide which passivates the anode by side reaction with moisture in electrolyte and from outside. Side reactions, leading to the formation of LIOH at the anode site caused loss of the Li source, resulting in decreased potential and poor cycle of the Li-O2 full-cell system.
Although the Li-O2 full-cell without lithium metal could be a good area for practical Li-O2 battery work in terms of safety, it is not viable without solving the Li loss problem. Our results could be helpful for further research into Li-O2 full-cell systems, and this issue could constitute a fundamental theme for future practical Li-O2 battery systems.
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