Details of the phosphoric acid distribution and possible void distribution in electrode layers have been obtained with contrast variation experiments in small angle neutron scattering, where the different parts of the sample can be highlighted by exchanging hydrogen with deuterium, here in the phosphoric acid.
An outlook will point at the strength of quasielastic neutron scattering experiments to shed light on the proton diffusion on different length scales in the range of 0.1-10 nm, as a microscopic equivalent to the macroscopic conductivity, and it will address the question of what can be retrieved from a multicomponent system such as the different parts of a fuel cell.
- M. Khaneft, O. Holderer, O. Ivanova, W. Lüke, E. Kentzinger, M.S. Appavou, R. Zorn, W. Lehnert, Fuel Cells 16 (2016), 406 – 413
- O. Holderer, O. Ivanova, B. Hopfenmüller, M. Zamponi, W. Maier, A. Majerus, W. Lehnert, M. Monkenbusch, R. Zorn, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 39 (2014) 21657 – 21662