Transferable Memristive Nanoribbons Comprising Solution-Processed Strontium Titanate Nanocubes

Tuesday, 3 October 2017: 10:10
Camellia 4 (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
J. Wang, S. Choudhary, W. L. Harrigan, A. J. Crosby, K. R. Kittilstved, and S. S. Nonnenmann (University of Massachusetts)
Memristors, often comprising an insulating metal-oxide film between two metal electrodes (MIM), constitute a class of two-terminal devices that possesses tunable variations in resistance based on the applied bias history. Intense research remains focused on the metal-insulator interface, which serves as the crux of coupled electronic-ionic interactions and dictates the underpinning transport mechanisms at either electrode. Top-down, ultrahigh vacuum (UVH) deposition approaches for MIM nanostructures yield highly crystalline, heteroepitaxial interfaces, but limit the number of electrode configurations due to a fixed bottom electrode. Here we report on the convective self-assembly, removal, and transfer of individual nanoribbons comprising solution-processed, single-crystalline strontium titanate (STO) perovskite oxide nanocrystals to arbitrary metallized substrates. Nanoribbon transferability enables changes in transport models ranging from interfacial trap-detrap to electrochemical metallization processes. We also demonstrate the endurance of memristive behavior, including switching ratios up to 104, after nanoribbon redeposition onto polyethylene terephthalate (PET) flexible substrates. The combination of ambient, aerobic prepared nanocrystals and convective self-assembly deposition herein provides a pathway for facile, scalable manufacturing of high quality, functional oxide nanostructures on arbitrary surfaces and topologies.