Effect of SiO2 Coating Layer on CCTO Particles on Properties of CCTO/PVDF Composites

Wednesday, 4 October 2017: 12:00
Chesapeake D (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
H. Talebinezhad, Y. Tong (Auburn University), X. Lu (Xi'an University of Technology), L. Li, and Z. Cheng (Auburn University)
The ceramic-polymer composites are attracted many researchers attention to using as energy storage. The purpose to get both high breakdown field and high polarization. It is very important to use the high dielectric material as a filler in the polymer matrix to obtain both properties. In many research, ferroelectric fillers like BaTiO3, PbZrO3, BaSrTiO3 have been widely used due to their high dielectric performance [1]. One of the promising materials in this area is CCTO due to showing dielectric constant up to 105 [2-3] The CCTO performance as an energy storage is limited due to low breakdown field and high energy loss. One of the acceptable ways to address this problem is making a composite with a polymer to enhance breakdown field. The ferroelectric polymer like PVDF exhibits high dielectric constant while keep breakdown field high [4-5].

The effect of the SiO2 coating layer and CCTO concentration mixed with PVDF has been studied. The polymer based composites of PVDF/SiO2/CCTO were made by a spin coating process, in which DMF was used as the solvent. The CCTO powders were coated by SiO2 using sol-gel method. The P-E loop test was conducted to measure the energy storage of different composites. The results show an increase in breakdown field while the P-E loop becomes slimmer by making a composite with SiO2. The polarization increased, due to enhancement in the dielectric constant of the composites because of a good connection between matrix and filler made by the additive. The microstructure was studied by using SEM pictures, which shows a better connection between fillers and matrix. The XRD has been used to illustrate the change in the crystallization. The improvement in both polarization and breakdown field make the composite suitable for energy storage usage.

Fig. 1. P-E loop of polymer composites


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