Three-Dimensional Electric Micro-Grid Network for High-Energy-Density Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes

Wednesday, 4 October 2017
Prince George's Exhibit Hall D/E (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
N. Zettsu (Department of Materials Chemistry, Shinshu University), D. W. Kim (Shinshu University), and K. Teshima (Department of Materials Chemistry, Shinshu University)
High-energy-density LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (NCM523) cathodes are prepared by the reduction of carbon additive loading based on the self-organization of water-soluble multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MW-CNTs) into MW-CNT/NCM523 supramolecular assemblies. Field emission scanning electron microscopy reveals that the MW-CNTs homogeneously included NCM523 particles and formed a grid structure that bridges the NCM523 particles. These structural characteristics are quite different from conventional composite electrode systems in lithium-ion secondary batteries. The supramolecular assemblies enable the increase of the NCM523 particle concentration (up to 98 wt%) and tap density (up to 3.8 g cm-3), and eliminate the need for a binder. A higher C-rate capability and cyclability are achieved by improving the kinetic parameters in the composite electrode for the battery reactions. In particular, the maximum average discharge capacity based on the total mass of the composite is 171 mAh g-1 in the MW-CNT/NCM523 (98 wt%) composite electrode within the cut-off voltage range of 2.5–4.3 V (vs Li+/Li), which is much higher than that of conventional acetylene black systems (157 mAh g-1).