The objective of this work is to experimentally analyze the impacts of varying current pulse amplitudes on the lithium ion battery materials. This method comprises constant width charging, a rest period and decrease in applied current as the charging progress. Implementing the pulsed currents of different amplitudes on cathodic (Lithium Iron Phosphate, Lithium Manganese Dioxide) and anodic (Graphite and Li 4Ti5O12) half cells separately will impact the electrode materials in various ways. The results of charging time and effects on the electrode materials are compared with conventional charging method.
Figures 1 and 2 show the constant current and a portion of pulsed current profile that are used in the analysis. In this experiment, pulsed current profile is controlled by varying the duty cycle and relaxation periods between pulses while the current amplitudes are reduced as the charging progress. SEM and equivalent circuit modelling based on EIS data are used in analyzing the impacts of both the charging protocols on the lithium-ion cells.