UV VIS Studies of Ce(III)/Ce(IV) Redox Reactions to Understand Abrasive and Work Surface Interactions during STI CMP
Addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to ceria based slurries is reported to suppress the oxide and nitride removal rates . However, when other abrasives are employed, hydrogen peroxide does not modify the removal rate significantly . Ce (III) and Ce (IV) ions are known to exhibit UV VIS absorption peak at different wavelength regions.
In this work a study on the kinetics of Ce (III) and Ce (IV) ions in the presence of H2O2is undertaken using UV-Visible Spectroscopy. Ce (III) chloride and Ce (IV) sulfate are employed for the initial study and the effect of hydrogen peroxide on changing the equilibrium composition is analyzed. The absorption is also monitored as a function of pH and time, to understand the dynamics of the system. Further, ceria abrasives are employed in the study and the nature of the species dissolving into the aqueous medium in presence of and absence of hydrogen peroxide, at different pH values are analyzed. The results show that the equilibrium between Ce (III) and Ce (IV) is shifted by the hydrogen peroxide which may help explain the suppression of oxide and nitride CMP rate by the addition of peroxide to ceria based slurries.
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