(Invited) Microwave-Based Metrology Platform Development: Application of Broad-Band RF Metrology to Integrated Circuit Reliability Analyses
By and large, stress is the root cause of most microelectronic devices reliability failures; it has been reported that 65% of all microelectronic device failures are thermo-mechanical related, mostly due to thermally induced stresses and strains stemming from the mismatch in the neighboring dissimilar materials . The stress evolution leads to stress buildup, resulting in the generation of defects such as cracks, voids, delamination, plastic deformation, warpage and buckling. These damages could ultimately lead to open or short circuits in the microelectronic chip, resulting in their failure.
Metrology for accurate understanding and quantification of the impact of stress evolution in 3D-ICs structures is key to addressing stress-related reliability challenges associated with the 3D-IC technology. In this presentation, we discuss our attempts to identify and characterize types of performance-limiting defects in three-dimensional (3-D) nanoelectronic devices, with special focus on 3-D interconnects, and relate the defects to the evolution of stress, where and why they form within the samples studied. In addition, we discuss non-destructive techniques for identifying such performance-limiting defects, without interrupting the responsible mechanistic phenomena .
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