(Keynote) Heterogeneous Integration of MEMS by Adhesive Bonding

Wednesday, October 14, 2015: 10:00
103-B (Phoenix Convention Center)
M. Esashi (Tohoku University) and S. Tanaka (Tohoku University)
Technology called microsystems or MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems) has been developed and applied as value added devices for systems. It is based on semiconductor microfabrication integrating not only circuits but also sensors, actuators and microstructures.

MEMS as switches and filters fabricated on CMOS LSI are needed for future multi-band wireless systems, in which good mechanical properties or piezoelectric materials are required for the MEMS and state of the art for the LSI. Such heterogeneous integration can be performed by transferring MEMS devices fabricated on a carrier wafer to a LSI wafer by adhesive bonding (Figure). Wafer level selective transfer from one carrier wafer to multiple target wafers are needed for cost-effective integration of different size chips. The selective transfer technology was applied to multiple SAW (surface acoustic wave) resonators on LSI and tunable SAW filter having variable ferroelectric capacitor.

Distributed tactile sensors are needed on the skin of robots to ensure their safety in nursing care robots. A tactile sensor network acquires sensing data from each tactile sensor element by autonomous data transmission (event driven). Capacitive tactile force sensors were formed on a communication LSI by adhesive bonding.

An electron emitter array integrated with a 100×100 active-matrix driving LSI has been developed using the adhesive bonding. Massive parallel EB (electron beam) exposure systems for maskless lithography (digital fabrication of LSI) are under development. A nc (nanocrystalline)-Si emitter consists of cascaded tunnel junctions can be controlled at low voltage (10V). Resist patterning by the emitted electron was successfully confirmed.

Amperometric biosensor in which 20×20 boron doped diamond electrode array are formed on LSI using the adhesive bonding. Distribution of chemicals like neurotransmitter can be detected owing to a wide potential window of the diamond electrode.

Cost effective development is required for micro systems because they are versatile and not standardized. A hands-on access fabrication facility in our University is reuse of a production line for power transistor and donated equipments. Companies can easily access and utilize for their prototyping or small-volume production. It is equipped with 4 and 6 inch facilities. The users are charged depending on their amount of usage. They can access a lot of technology and know-how accumulated and can be assisted by skilled engineers. More than 150 companies are using this facility and it is allowed to sell produced small volume devices.